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BRAILES William de
La création d'Adam et Eve

1230 vers ; 1240
parchemin (peint, doré) H. 10.5 cm ; l. 7.5 cm
inv. M-6133
don Wildenstein Daniel (donateur) (1981 acquis)
In the mid 13th century, England emerged as one of the main European centers for the production of illuminated manuscripts. Workshops flourished, notably in Oxford, where the production of books was concentrated around Catte Street. Parchment painters rarely signed their works, which is why so few are identified. One exception is William de Brailes, one of the rare English illuminators from this period whose name was recorded. We know that he produced the seven leaves kept at the Musée Marmottan Monet, including The Creation of Eve and Adam and Eve Expelled from Paradis. These illustrations are from a cycle of ninety-eight biblical scenes, thirty-one of which are at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore (W.106). These images in a pure Gothic style formed the introduction to a psalter, or collection of liturgical songs (psalms), which is now in the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm (ms. B.2010)